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The pre history of Dalarna

Prehistoric traces of Man

Along the shorelines of the lakes is traces of Stone Age Man, among regular stones is stone tools of different colors. The oldest known ancient site in Dalarna is the settlement at Orsandbaden in Leksand. It is just over 10 000 years old. And in arable land and in the forest there is plenty of slag and coal, remains associated with metal production during the Iron Age and onwards.

The period from the end of the last ice age until the end of the Viking Age is called the Prehistoric period. In Dalarna Prehistory is roughly 9000 years. The historical period is from the 1050th Century onwards. The Middle Ages, roughly from the years 1500 AD to XNUMX AD, form a large part of it.

Prehistory is divided into Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. 6000 of these 9000 years are included in the Stone Age and can be further divided into the Mesolithic and Neolithic. This division is based on artefacts from southern Sweden and is not quite applicable on the Dalarna region. Here, many probably continued as hunter gatherers during the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. The trading of fur was probably important.

During the later Iron Age people settled on farms along the Dal river, Dalälven, to cultivate the land, but perhaps mainly in order to produce iron and eventually also copper.

This was followed by the Middle Ages with Christianity, monarchy and taxes, among many other things.

Illustration Maria Tjärnström

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