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The environments of industrial society

Mills, works and mines

Bergslagen with its well-organized and structured working-class communities, with a strong labor movement that took responsibility and pushed issues of local welfare, became an ideal for what we call "folkhemsbygget". But the rational and orderly mills with stable industrial companies that were idealized existed in a strong patriarchal structure. In the construction of the folk home, a democratic municipal management took over the mill management's previous responsibilities. For a century, housing and conditions offered to the working population changed in a fundamental way, which left its mark on our built environments.

The industrial society has developed a number of new structures and building types that are today seen as obvious elements in our everyday environments: it is not only the paper mills, ironworks, mines and sawmills but also the whole structure that follows, for example, women's gainful employment. , childcare and school, roads, railways etc.

In Dalarna, a number of well-known architects have worked and left their mark during the 1900th century, including Osvald Almqvist, Ulla Bodorff (landscape architect), Alvar Aalto, Ralph Erskine, Cyrillus Johansson and Haakon Ahlberg. Anders Diös is one of the county's most well-known builders whose rich production is found both within and outside the county borders. In this context, one must not forget all the architects, engineers and builders who worked without much attention but who often show an extensive production which is the one that to the greatest extent shaped our everyday environments.